Veterinary Science Refresher Key Points

Veterinary Science Refresher Points:

Veterinary Science Refresher Key Points
 Veterinary Science Refresher Key Points

  1. Bacterial disease in which Pasteur’s vaccine used- Anthrax
  2. ‘Para anthrax’ in pigs caused by- Cl. septicum
  3. Foot rot in sheep is caused by – Bacterioides nodosus
  4. Duck Plague is the synonym for –Duck Viral Enteritis
  5. The indistinct margins of a radiograph due to a large focal spot of X-ray beam -penumbra.
  6. The optimum temperature of developing and fixing solutions in radiography is -68F
  7. Avian influenza virus has 8 gene segments
  8. M. leprae can be cultivated in vivo only in- Armadillo
  9. State of unresponsiveness towards an antigen is – Anergy
  10. The cholinergic drug that cannot be hydrolyzed by AchE is -carbachol
  11. The penetrating power of X-ray beam depends on – kvp
  12. Anaesthesia produced by combination of drugs is termed as-Balanced anaesthesia
  13. Antigen-Antibody complexes present in dentrites of Dentritic cells- Iccosomes
  14. BCG is an attenuated form of – Mycobacterium bovis
  15. Vitamin C is used as an antidote to —Nitrate—–poisoning
  16. Oseltamivir is the drug of choice against- Bird flu in humans
  17. The species of animal in which Ivermectin crosses the BBB- Equines
  18. The only anaesthetic agent known to be carcinogenic- fluoroxene
  19. The drugs contraindicated in parakeets & cats respectively are- procaine & morphine
  20. The species most sensitive to the ill-effects of xylazine – cattle
  21. A pantropic virus that commonly affects Canines- Canine distemper virus
  22. Symplasma stage in submucosa is seen in- Johne’s Disease
  23. Oestrogenic mycotoxin causing reproductive disorders in swine is- Zearalenone
  24. ‘Blue eye’ or Rubarth’s Disease is the synonym for- Infectious Canine Hepatitis
  25. Which is the most potent opiate analgesic? carfentanil
  26. Name a benzodiazepine antagonist- flumazenil
  27. Ketamine is contraindicated in head injuries as it reduces -Intra cranial pressure
  28. The subtype of Avian flu virus causing human casualties around the world- H5N1
  29. Mad cow disease is caused by- Prions
  30. Cold enrichment procedure is done for the isolation of – Listeria
  31. ‘J’ chain is present in immunoglobulins- IgA and IgM
  32. In the body, Chloral hydrate is converted to – tricholoroethanol
  33. Name one anaesthetic agent which is steroid in nature- Althesin
  34. Dose of Anthrax vaccine- 1ml s/c
  35. Anaphylatoxins are- C3a and C5a
  36. The specific antidote of Morphine is- Nalorphine
  37. Dunkop (pulmonary) and Dikkop (cardiac) are two forms of – African Horse Sickness
  38. ‘Wire loop’ lesions in the glomerular basement membrane seen in- SLE
  39. The drug used to stabilize mast cells- Cromolyn sodium
  40. Hyaluronidase– enzyme used with local anaesthetics to promote its diffusion and absorption
  41. Milbemycin oxime is obtained from-Streptomyces hygroscopicus
  42. Name a suture material that glows in darkness easy to handle in poor light- Flurofil
  43. Cardinal Signs of Inflammation was propounded by- Cornelius Celsus
  44. FMD virus multiplies in the ——Str.spinosum——— layer of epidermis
  45. Father of Immunology is- Edward Jenner
  46. Lamsiekte in cattle and sheep is caused by – Cl.botulinum type D.
  47. Vaccine strain of B.anthracis is – Aviurlent and Non capsulated
  48. Monsell’s suture technique is used in – Enteroanastomosis
  49. Ethylene oxide is a gaseous agent used for sterilization kills microorganisms by-alkylation..
  50. VitC is necessary for hydroxylation of proline & lysine in synthesis of -collagen
  51. ‘Bomb burst’ or ‘Umbrella like’ colonies are characteristic of – Listeria
  52. Influenza virus is typed based on Matrix and Nucleocapsid antigen
  53. The conversion of DHFA to THFA is blocked by- Trimethoprim
  54. Examples of pencillinase resistant pencillins- Methicillin and Cloxacillin
  55. First immunoglobulin to be synthesized in Neonates- IgM.
  56. ‘Abortion storms’ in sheep is caused by- Campylobacter foetus
  57. Vaccine strain used for prophylaxis of IBD infection-Georgia
  58. Which is the only benzimidazole drug that wont inhibit Fumarate reductase- mebendazole
  59. Name an  anthelminthic which was previously used to treat human gout- piperazine
  60. The experimental animal used for FMD research is – Guinea pig
  61. The no: of Capsomers in Adenoviruses is- 252
  62. The source of Vero cell line is – African Green Monkey (Kidney)
  63. Heat resistant ability of sporulated bacterium is due to the compound-Ca dipicholinate
  64. The generation of monoclonal antibodies involves-Salvage pathway
  65. Antibiotic which can also function as an anthelminthic agent is- Hygromycin B
  66. Ivermectin toxicity can be reversed by using – Picrotoxin
  67. Cucurbitin, an active principle in Pumpkin seed is used for the treatment for-Cestodiasis
  68. Name a live vaccine previously used against rabies- Flury’s LEP & HEP
  69. Periarticular lymphoid sheath (PALS) is populated by T lymphocytes are seen in-Spleen
  70. Habel’s testing (mouse test) is done for the diagnostic assessment of- Rabies
  71. Most immunogenic viral polypeptide of FMD virus is – VP1
  72. Rabbits show genetic tolerance towards- Atropine
  73. The diuretic that cannot be given along with aminoglycoside antibiotics- Furosemide
  74. The antibiotic Gentamicin is obtained from- Micromonosporum purpureum
  75. Ochratoxin primarily causing renal impairment is produced by- Aspergillus ochraceus
  76. Name the smallest animal virus- Porcine circovirus (17-20nm)., FMDV is of 28-30nm size.
  77. Pyometra in bitches is caused by –E.coli
  78. Strawberry foot rot is caused by-Dermatophilus congolensis
  79. Drug of choice for mycoplasmosis- Tylosin
  80. ‘Tennis racket’ shaped spores are present in- Cl. chauvoei
  81. Psittacosis or Ornithosis in birds is caused by- Chlamydophila psittaci
  82. The proton pump inhibitor used to treat Zollinger-Ellison syndrome-Omeprazole
  83. Rabies virus (bullet shaped) belongs to the genus- Lyssa virus
  84. ‘Bull Nose’ in pigs is caused by- Fusobacterium necrophorus
  85. DNA virus that codes for reverse transcriptase enzyme- Hepadna virus
  86. Chronic Respiratory Disease in birds is caused by – Mycoplasma gallisepticum
  87. Immediate precursor of all sex steroids- Pregnenalone
  88. In avian tuberculosis the lesion are confined to – GI tract
  89. Name a commonly used AchE reactivator- Pralidoxime.
  90. Piperonyl butoxide is used as a synergist along with -Pyrethroids
  91. HVT is the vaccine strain used against- Marek’s Disease
  92. In B.abortus, the ratio between LPS antigens A and M is – 20:1
  93. Kume and Page Scheme is used for the classification of- Haemophilus
  94. ‘Reverse Genetics’ is nowadays used for the production of vaccine strains of – Avian flu virus
  95. Drug of choice against Theileriosis is -Buparvaquone
  96. With H&E staining the calcified tissue appears -Blue
  97. The toxic level of Aflatoxin in ducklings is- 0.03ppm
  98. Summer Mastitis in cattle is caused by -C. pyogenes
  99. Heart Water disease is caused by- Cowdria ruminantium
  100. EMJH medium is commonly used for the cultivation of -Leptospira
  101. Hoti’s test is used for detecting -Str. agalactiae mastitis
  102. Infectious Bulbar Paralysis is the synonym for- Psuedorabies
  103. Sulphonamides are metabolized by acetylation in ruminants and glucuronidation in canines.
  104. Scythe shaped spleen is seen in -Horses
  105. The most important symptom of anthrax in dogs is -Gastroenteritis.
  106. Braxy in sheep is caused by -Cl. septicum.
  107. The microbes that have the ability to survive pasteurization temp is -Listeria and Coxiella
  108. Techoic acid is present in the cell wall of – Gram + bacteria
  109. Route of inoculation in chicken embryos is intravenous for Blue tongue virus
  110. ‘Darling disease’ is caused by – Histoplasma
  111. New Jersey, Indiana and Trinidad are strains of – Vesicular stomatitis virus
  112. Diene staining is used for – Mycoplasma
  113. Aspergillus flavus in SDA produces-Yellowish green colonies
  114. Cork screw motility is shown by -Campylobacter
  115. Turkey coryza which is highly contagious is caused by – Bordetella avium
  116. Castanida and Machiavello staining are employed for detecting- Chlamydia
  117. The antibodies used against the Rh antigen to prevent Erythroblastosis foetalis- Rhogam
  118. The immunoglobulin known as ‘Reagin’- IgE
  119. Macrophages present in Kidney are known as- Mesangial cells
  120. Interleukin that suppresses the immune response is – IL-10
  121. Etiological agent of silage disease is – Listeria.
  122. Smallest living organism of individual existence- Mycoplasma
  123. Bacillus anthracis have medusa head like colonies in -Nutrient agar
  124. Clostridium perfringens type A in animals causes- Gas gangrene
  125. The class of immunoglobulin that first appears in primary immune response- IgM
  126. Polypeptide chain called secretory component is present in- IgA
  127. Docking in dogs can predispose to a conditon called- Perineal Hernia
  128. Hoflund’s syndrome is the synonym for- Vagal indigestion
  129. Vitamin K dependent clotting factors are- 2,7,9 and 10.
  130. Limber neck in poultry is caused by-  Clostridium botulinum type C
  131. The amino acid tryptophan act as growth promoter for the microbe- Erysepelothrix
  132. The most potent Aflatoxin is-  B1
  133. The cytolytic product of CTL cells that forms transmembrane pores in target cells- Perforins
  134. Autoimmune disease in which Ig’s are formed against Ach receptors- Myasthenia gravis
  135. World’s first veterinary school in – 1762, Lyons, Paris
  136. The dog breed that has genetic predisposition for skin tumor- Boxer
  137. Gavard’s muscle is the synonym of -Int.obl. muscle layer of stomach.
  138. Ventral bending (concave) of the spinal column is called- Lordosis
  139. A and M antigens are absent in- B.canis & B.ovis
  140. Foothill abortion / BEA in cattle is caused by- Chlamydophila psittaci
  141. The antibacterial system naturally present in milk is- Lactoperoxidase system
  142. Marsupialization in bitches is done usually to treat- Pyometra
  143. Dose of Ivermectin is – 200 micrograms/Kg body weight
  144. The breed of cattle which has strong predisposition for Eye Cancer- Hereford
  145. Male dog urinates like bitch in – Cystitis
  146. Knott test is done to detect Dirofilariosis in dogs
  147. Half life of IgG is – 20-21 days
  148. Benign tumor of gingiva is called – Epulis
  149. The drug used to contract gall bladder (cholecystokinetic)- Ceruletide
  150. The type of paralysis produced by the drug piperazine on worms is – flaccid
  151. Cart wheel shape chromatin is seen – Plasma cells
  152. The most abundant buffer system in plasma- bicarbonate buffer
  153. The  smallest animal cell has a diameter of – 2 microns
  154. The Fc fragment of Ig’s can be recovered by digestion with the enzyme- Papain
  155. Most common respiratory pathogen in canines – Bordetella bronchiseptica (kennel cough)
  156. Rabbit ileal loop assay is commonly done for the detection of – ET E.coli
  157. Haemo-lymphnodes are commonly seen in – Ruminants
  158. Clonal selection theory of antibody production was proposed by- Burnet
  159. Biphasic fever in dogs is indicative of – Canine distemper
  160. Ramstedt’s surgical procedure is performed to correct- Pyloric stenosis
  161. The immediate precursor of thrombocytes are- Megakaryocytes
  162. Rouleaux formation in blood smear is a common finding in – Felines
  163. Substance required for platelet aggregation is – Thromboxane
  164. The interleukin commonly referred as chemokine is – IL-8
  165. Rectal pinch test is done for the diagnosis of – Johne’s disease
  166. Surgical cat gut is often sterilized by- Isopropyl alcohol or ethylene oxide
  167. Giant kidney worm of Dogs is – Dioctophyme renale
  168. The sedimentation coefficient of IgG is 7S and IgM is 19S
  169. Principal metabolic pathway in RBC is- Glycolysis
  170. Tyzzer’s disease in foals and lab animals is caused by – Bacillus piliformis
  171. Avian spirochetosis is caused by – Borrelia anserina
  172. Colopexy is used to treat- Recurrent rectal prolapse
  173. Mouse ascites method is used to production of – Monoclonal antibodies
  174. The dog breed having genetic predisposition to cardiac hypertropy- Grey hound
  175. Suture technique used for uterine stump closure- Parker kerr method
  176. In humans MHC is referred to as HLA complex whereas in mice it is H-2 complex
  177. “Paple” shaped abdomen is diagnositic of – Vagus Indigestion
  178. Tenesmus followed by bloody dysentery in calves is characteristic of – Eimeria zuernii
  179. The coccidial organism commonly found in felines and canines – Isospora (Eimeria absent)
  180. “Slime balls” ie., cercarial aggregation  seen in- Dicrocoelium infection.
  181. “Grunt” on applying pressure on xiphoid region in cattle is indicative of- TRP
  182. Salmon poisoning in dogs caused by -Neorickettsia helmintheca
  183. Antibody having least half life is – IgE
  184. Genetically mutant mice lacking NK cells is called- Biege (Athymic mice- ‘Nude’)
  185. Salivary cyst found in sublingual duct is- Ranula
  186. Membrane bound IgM is a – Monomer
  187. Class II MHC restricted cells are- T helper cells
  188. Lyme disease is caused by –  Spirochete, Borrelia burgdoeferi,  (IH- Ixodes)
  189. Antidote for warfarin toxicity is – Vitamin K
  190. The drug that intensifies the toxic effects of Warfarin is – Phenyl Butazone
  191. The amino acid which is deficient in cats is – Taurine
  192. Complement activation is predominantly mediated by – IgM
  193. The compound used as gastric sedative in dogs is – Chloretone
  194. The receptor for co-stimulating B7 molecules on APC is- CD28
  195. Enteroplication is the surgical technique to correct- Intussusception
  196. The antibody that can exist as monomer, dimer, trimer and tetramer- IgA.
  197. Insulin like growth factor –I is also called as – Somatomedins
  198. The diuretic with Aldosterone antagonistic action is – Spironolactone
  199. The drug used to experimentally induce diabetes in dogs- Alloxan
  200. Allopurinol is the drug of choice for the treatment of – Gout
  201. In passive HA, chemical used to coat antigens in RBC- Tannic acid or chromium chloride.
  202. Infectious RNA molecule of low molecular weight comes under the category- Viroids
  203. Pink eye is caused by Moraxella bovis and Summer pink eye is caused by IBR virus
  204. ‘Dew drop’ colonies and satellite phenomenon is exhibited by- Haemophilus
  205. 9R is the vaccine strain of – Salmonella Gallinarum
  206. Glaucoma, a condition of increased intra ocular pressure is treated using- Acetazolamide
  207. Canrenone is the metabolite of – Spironolactone
  208. Kanagawa reaction is shown by – Vibrio parahaemolyticum
  209. SMEDI in pigs is caused by – Parvo Virus
  210. “White Spotted” kidney is a sequelae to – Leptospirosis and E.coli infections
  211. Infarcts in kidney of Swine is characteristic of – Erysipelas
  212. In GI tract, the antigen transport is carried out by specialized cells called- ‘M’ cells
  213. Infectious protein particles causing ‘Scrapie’ in sheep are called- Prions
  214. The penicillin which is effective against pseudomonas infection- Carbenicillin
  215. Burton’s line in gums is indicative of – Lead poisoning
  216. The drug that can replace Ivermectin in sensitive dogs- Milbemycin oxime
  217. Jaagsiekte “ Driving Sickness” in sheeps is caused by Retro virus
  218. Jaagsiekte is Pulmonary adenomatosis and Visna-Maedi (Retro) is Progressive pneumonia
  219. Farmer’s Lung in cattle is caused by – Micropolyspora faeni
  220. The virus having a unique ‘double capsid’- Reovirus
  221. Viral etiology of neoplasms were first reported by- Ellerman and Bang
  222. The group specific antigen of ALV which is commonly used for COFAL test is -p27
  223. Recombinant DNA technology was first developed by- Cohen and Boyer
  224. Ephemeral fever (3 day sickness) is caused by – Rhabdovirus
  225. “Facial Eczema” in cattle is caused by Pithomyces chartarum (fungus with toxin sporidesmin)
  226. “Gall Sickness” is the synonym for- Anaplasmosis
  227. Antigenic variation in avian influenza virus is largely due to- Genetic Shift
  228. MAB technique for producing monoclonal Ig’s was devised by- Kohler and Milstein
  229. Bence Jones proteins (light chains of Ig) are present in urine in -Multiple myeloma
  230. Rose-Waaler test is used for the detection of -Rheumatoid factor (IgM)
  231. The dose of Heparin used as an anticoagulant is- 10-20 IU/ml
  232. The media used to select the myeloma cells in MAB technique is- HAT medium
  233. The site present in an antibody to which an antigen binds is called- Paratope
  234. The vector for Reoviral Blue tongue in sheeps is- Culicoides spp
  235. “Pizzle rot” (Ovine Posthitis) in sheeps is caused by- Corynebacterium renale
  236. Gid, Sturdy, or Staggers is caused by-Coenurus cerebralis ( T. multiceps)
  237. The most commonly used serological test ELISA was developed by- Engvall and Perlman
  238. The gene for virulence in ND virus and AI virus are-Fusion gene and HA gene (respectively)
  239. ‘Tigroid heart’ in calves is characteristic of- FMD
  240. Vascularization of Cornea is known as – Pannus
  241. The lesion in eyes of horses due to leptospiral infection – Periodic Ophthalmia
  242. “Blue eye” is the synonym for- Infectious Canine Hepatitis (adenovirus)
  243. “Hot Spot” (pyotraumatic dermatitis) is caused by- Staphylococcus aureus & S. intermedius.
  244. The interleukin often referred to as B cell growth factor is- IL-6
  245. FMD virus belongs to the genus- Aphthovirus
  246. ‘Dropped Sole’ in horses is a condition due to- Chronic Laminitis
  247. The etiological agent of Ephemeral fever in cattle is- Rhabdovirus
  248. Feline pan leucopenia is caused by- Parvo virus
  249. Avian Influenza is caused by Influenza A virus of the family- Orthomyxoviridae
  250. The principal source of Interferon β is – Fibroblasts
  251. SAT-1,2 and 3 are types of FMDV originated from- Africa
  252. The interleukin responsible for class switching of IgM to IgG is – IL-4
  253. The animal species that serves as “ mixing vessel” for Avian and Mammalian flu is – Pig
  254. Disinfectant of choice against Anthrax bacilli- Gluteraldehyde (2%)
  255. HVT, the vaccine strain used against MDV (serotype I) belongs to- serotype III
  256. In birds, Avulavirus is the causative agent of – Newcastle disease
  257. The cell surface marker of memory T cells is- CD45RO
  258. In ALV infection, the tumor development is due to activation of oncogene called- c-myc
  259. Disinfectant of choice against FMD virus- Sodium Carbonate (4%)
  260. Staphylorraphy and Uranoplasty are techniques used to correct- Cleft palate
  261. Negri bodies for diagnosis of rabies can be detected using- Seller’s stain
  262. Malignant tumor of mesenchymal cells is referred as – Sarcoma

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