Standard Procedure for drying off a dairy cow

Procedure for drying off a dairy cow

The dry period is the most important phase of a dairy cow’s lactation cycle. For optimal animal health and best performance in the next lactation, lactating animals should have an opportunity to rest and regenerate mammary tissue between lactations.

During this phase, the cow and her udder prepares for the next lactation; hence any abnormalities during the dry period will have a negative effect on the cow’s health and milk production after calving.
Due to the amount of milk they produce, the drying-off process is often more complicated for dairy animals.

drying off a cow
drying off a cow

Preparation for dry off should begin at least two weeks prior to the dry-off date with a significant change in the animal’s diet. Reducing the energy content of the diet and feeding primarily a high-fiber diet will reduce the nutrients available for the animal to make milk; this is often all that is needed to reduce milk production to a level that makes dry off safe and simple.

1.Length of Dry Period

Animals should be dry for around 60 days. If animals have prolonged dry periods, they run the risk of becoming obese, experiencing obesity-related diseases and having difficulty in calving.

2.Procedure for drying off.

Reduce concentrate feeding on a tapering basis 2-3 weeks
before drying-off.

Stop concentrate feeding 1-2 weeks before drying-off.

Restrict feed intake if milk yield is above 12 litres per day.

Reduce dry matter allowance to maintenance levels 3 days
before planned dry-off.

Stop milking abruptly. Do not restrict water access.

Check dry cows visually on a daily basis after drying-off.

Ideally, cows should be kept at pasture on a maintenance diet for a week after drying-off.

Post a Comment

share your words ...

Last Article Next Article