How to prevent bovine brucellosis

Bovine brucellosis:
Bovine brucellosis is a highly contagious bacterial disease, almost exclusively caused by Brucella abortus causing late term-abortion and infertility in cattle.


The disease is also a serious zoonosis, causing undulant fever in humans. Main natural hosts are cattle, horses and humans.
The initial symptoms are fatigue and headaches, followed by high fever, chills, drenching sweats, joint pains, backache, and loss of weight and appetite.
Long-term effects can include arthritis, swelling of internal organs, depression, chronic fatigue and recurrent fevers.
Brucellosis is a bacterial infection that spreads from animals to people. Most commonly, people are infected by eating raw or unpasteurized dairy products. Sometimes, the bacteria that cause brucellosis can spread through the air or through direct contact with infected animals.
There is no treatment for Brucellosis in animals. It is controlled by official vaccination and entire herd testing with slaughter of reactors. Quarantines are imposed by state and federal authorities until the herd is proven free of disease.
Strict biosafety and management measures, vaccination, and test-and-slaughter strategy are recognized as the most effective strategies to control this pathology in livestock.
The adequate combination of these measures depends on several factors that will determine the success of the eradication efforts.

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