How to design a good poultry control shed

Poultry Control House layout

poultry house design
Poultry house design

• Poultry houses with different ages of chickens should be as far apart from each other as possible to prevent transmission of disease agents. With different ages in close proximity, diseases will cycle from house to house since the area is not depopulated to ‘break the cycle’. A minimum of 30 meters between houses with different ages is suggested.

• The farm should be fenced to prevent entry of unauthorized people and other animals such as dogs, cats, backyard chickens, etc. An entryway for people and vehicles must be designed so proper decontamination procedures can be practiced.

• The area around the poultry house should be keep clear of debris and vegetation keep short. It is ideal to have a cement apron around the poultry house perimeter when possible as this facilitates cleaning and disinfection. Inside the house, the walls, ceilings and floors should be smooth to permit cleaning and disinfection. Cement floors are desirable but are often not economically

• Provide a one-way flow of traffic on the farm from the least contaminated to the most contaminated areas. Avoid backtracking of people, equipment and vehicles on the farm.

• It is suggested to cull sick and injured chickens in the houses and avoid use of hospital or quarantine pens. These animals suffer, will not make it to processing in good condition, and can serve as a source of contamination for the entire farm.

• The openings into the houses should be fitted with screen to prevent entry of insects.

• There should be a single entry point onto the farm which is equipped with disinfection equipment for all vehicles, people and equipment that are brought onto the premises. NO EXCEPTIONS!

• The entrance to each poultry house should be equipped with well- maintained cleaning and disinfection basins which all workers are trained in how to properly decontaminate on entry and exit from the house.

• Access to the poultry houses must be through a compulsory compartment where cleaning and disinfection can be conducted. This area provides a physical separation between the clean area and dirty area. Clean cloths should be provided for anyone entering the houses. In many companies, mandatory showers are installed. Farm managers and veterinarians must ensure that all staff is trained in how to use the facilities correctly.

• Dead chickens on the farm must be disposed of daily in an appropriate manner. Options include sending dead chickens off site to a distant location or incinerating, composting or burying in a sealed container onsite.

• The floor of the poultry houses should be sloped so rainwater and waste water can be directed away from the houses to prevent stagnant water and to prevent re-contamination.

• Feed storage site should be designed and maintained so to provide good conditions. Control of temperature, humidity, ventilation and sanitation are critical to ensure quality feed is fed to the birds.

Post a Comment

share your words ...

Last Article Next Article